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Team Building Methods

Team Building Methods


Team building events often take participants out of their regular work context, and use the new context as an enabler of change and development. This allows team participants to get to learn more about each other in a new context. A good method for a team building will have 4 components compromised of a screening phase, analytical phase, intervention or debriefing phase and a follow up phase. The screening phase is aimed at finding the actual problems, topics and/or issues the team would like to deal with. The analytical phase consist of data collection or any other procedure that will help to collect a good material to be used in intervention part. In the intervention or debriefing phase, team members use the data from the previous phase to reflect on team, themselves and their role in the team. Team members are assisted to process their experience into a developmental action plan. The follow-up phase is scheduled weeks after the first three phases to make sure the planned changes actually took place.

A Typical team building activity can be divided into three parts. The Instructions part of the team building activity involves introducing the participants to the instructions for the activity. The second part is the team building activity itself when participants utilize the instructions and begin to participate in the actual activity. And the third part consist of debriefing with a review of the purpose for the exercise and how the team accomplished it.

For the debriefing portion of the team building event using open ended questions is a tool that a team building facilitator uses to bring participants to examine what was learned. These questions have no right and wrong answer they are meant to trigger thought and insight in the team members. These questions can be used for front loading - setting up the thoughts prior to the beginning of a team building activity. These questions can also be used following an activity to reflect on the individual experience, team experience and actions plans for behavioral change within the team.


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